2:2, Ps. 16;23, 25–26, 29–30, Exod. The liberty which Christ hath purchased for believers under the Gospel consists in their freedom from the guilt of sin, the condemning wrath of God, the curse of the moral law; (Tit. 12:28–29), 7. 13:8), 1. 12:25, 1 Pet. Church censures are necessary, for the reclaiming and gaining of offending brethren, for deterring of others from like offenses, for purging out of that leaven which might infect the whole lump, for vindicating the honour of Christ, and the holy profession of the Gospel, and for preventing the wrath of God, which might justly fall upon the Church, if they should suffer His covenant, and the seals thereof, to be profaned by notorious and obstinate offenders. 9:17, Gen. 45:7, Ps. 1:2, 19–20, Rom. 51:7–12, Ps. 8:28, Isa. 12:21–23, Luke 16:25–26, Rev. The name of God only is that by which men ought to swear, and therein it is to be used with all holy fear and reverence. The Lord Jesus, by His perfect obedience, and sacrifice of Himself, which He through the eternal Spirit, once offered up unto God, hath fully satisfied the justice of His Father; (Rom. The Westminster Confession of Faith stands at the peak of a great development of English Reformed theology and represents a developed covenant theology that is true to Scripture and flows inherently out of the Reformed system of doctrine. All saints, that are united to Jesus Christ their Head, by His Spirit, and by faith, have fellowship with Him in His grace, sufferings, death, resurrection, and glory: (1 John 1:3, Eph. 16:26) trembling at the threatenings, (Isa. Ezra 15:13, Eph. (Matt. 3:12) whence ariseth a continual and (irreconcilable war), the flesh lusting against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh. 6:10), 2. 18:17–18, John 20:21–23, 2 Cor. 13:15–17), 1. 2:10,12, Eph. (Matt. Amen. The Confession of Faith Chapter I. (Rom. It continues to wield very significant influence on how presbyterian churches are run … 88), 1. 43:3–5, 14), 1. 37:11, Matt. (Rom. 10:14) yet they may, by their sins, fall under God’s fatherly displeasure, and not have the light of His countenance restored unto them, until they humble themselves, confess their sins, beg pardon, and renew their faith and repentance. 8:15, 32, 2 Cor. 14:26, 40), 7. (Rom. 90:2, 1 Tim. The confession was completed in 1646 and presented to Parliament, which approved it after some revisions in June 1648. 12:6, 14) And particular Churches, which are members thereof, are more or less pure, according as the doctrine of the Gospel is taught and embraced, ordinances administered, and public worship performed more or less purely in them. 2:15–16), 4. 4:16, Matt. 6:14, Gal. Ephesians 73, Ps. (1 Cor. 8:15–16, Rom. 6:6, Eph. 5:23) yet imperfect in this life, there abiding still some remnants of corruption in every part; (1 John 1:10, Rom. 2:10, 2 Thess. (Gen. 17:7–8, Gal. 4:13, Heb. (Gen. 1, Heb. 21:1, 1 Kings 22:22–23, 1 Chron. 3:5–7, Rom. (Mark 6:18, Lev. 5:21, Matt. 9:22) which are, in their several times and seasons, to be used in an holy and religious manner. 2:8), 8. 1:6, Acts 26:6–7, Jude 20–21), 4. 10:1–4), 1. 36:27) and effectually drawing them to Jesus Christ: (Eph. The Westminster Assembly (so called because of its meeting place) was summoned by the English Parliament in 1643. (Luke 16:29, 31, Eph. 2:15–16, Isa. All things in Scripture are not alike plain in themselves, nor alike clear unto all: (2 Pet. Although drawn up by the 1646 Westminster Assembly, largely of the Church of England, it became and remains the 'subordinate standard' of doctrine in the Church of Scotland, and has been influential within Presbyterian churches worldwide. 14:6, 9, 11–12, 24, 27–28) that, the Word of God dwelling plentifully in all, they may worship Him in an acceptable manner; (Col. 3:16) and, through patience and comfort of the Scriptures, may have hope. The problem is that many people are LAZY and don't want to STUDY the Bible for themselves, " Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth " (2nd Timothy 2:15). (Exod. 3:18, 1 Tim. 2:16, Luke 17:10) So as, a man’s doing good, and refraining from evil, because the law encourageth to the one, and deterreth from the other, is no evidence of his being under the law; and not under grace. (Col. 1:21–22, Gal. 55:10–11) yet is free to work without, (Hos. For then shall the righteous go into everlasting life, and receive that fullness of joy and refreshing, which shall come from the presence of the Lord: but the wicked, who know not God, and obey not the Gospel of Jesus Christ, shall be cast into eternal torments, and be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of His power. Luke (Matt. Intended to set the doctrinal standards for the Church of England, it became a powerful force in the Church of Scotland and has influenced Presbyterian churches all over the world. (1 Cor. 4:3, 6, 16–17, 23–24, Heb. (2 Tim. 8:14, 1 Pet. (Matt. 8:7, John 15:5) so as, a natural man, being altogether averse from that good, (Rom. 7:19, Gal. 1:5,9), 2. 1:11, 14, John 17:2, Heb. 14:10,12, Matt. 13:24–30, 47) and some have so degenerated as to become no Churches of Christ, but synagogues of Satan. 6:16, 2 Cor. 9:24, 26, Col. 1:19–20, Eph. 55:7, Rom. 3:27, Tit. Saints by profession are bound to maintain an holy fellowship and communion in the worship of God, and in performing such other spiritual services as tend to their mutual edification; (Heb. 1:30–31, Rom. 2:6, Luke 1:33) the Head and Saviour of His Church, (Eph. 4:13, 2 Cor. 1:7) yet it is of such necessity to all sinners, that none may expect pardon without it. 8:12, Heb. Updates? 9, Heb. 5:17, 38–39, 1 Cor. (Matt. 23:6, 1 Cor. 9:14, 16, Heb. The Old Testament in Hebrew (which was the native language of the people of God of old), and the New Testament in Greek (which, at the time of the writing of it, was most generally known to the nations), being immediately inspired by God, and, by His singular care and providence, kept pure in all ages, are therefore authentical; (Matt. 1:23, Acts 3:21, Eph. 1:19–20, Rev. Of Religious Worship, and the Sabbath Day, XXXII. 7:15, 18–19, 21, 23), 5. 10:5–10, John 10:18, Phil. This Sabbath is then kept holy unto the Lord, when men, after a due preparing of their hearts, and ordering of their common affairs before-hand, do not only observe an holy rest all the day from their own works, words, and thoughts about their worldly employments and recreations, (Exod. (John 15:4–6, Ezek. 2:15) and for preventing of uncleanness. Micah Sacraments are holy signs and seals of the covenant of grace, (Rom. 2:4, Cant. Westminster Confession of Faith When the Presbyterian Church in the United States of America was formed in 1788, it adopted (with minor revisions) the Westminster Confession of Faith, Larger and Shorter Catechisms (1647), as its secondary standards (the Bible itself being the … 2:10) that, having their fruit unto holiness, they may have the end, eternal life. Zephaniah 11:23) to represent Christ and His benefits; and to confirm our interest in Him: (1 Cor. 2:4–5, Gal. (Job 19:26–27, 1 Cor. 6:4, 1 Cor. Of the State of Men after Death, and of the Resurrection of the Dead. God hath appointed a day, wherein He will judge the world, in righteousness, by Jesus Christ, (Acts 17:31) to whom all power and judgment is given of the Father. to Philemon Zechariah 4:3, 1 Cor. 13:7,17,24, 1 Cor. 1:21), 4. The Westminster Confession is filled with unbiblical doctrines, and should be AVOIDED by all professed Christians. 7:14, Matt. This infallible assurance doth not so belong to the essence of faith, but that a true believer may wait long, and conflict with many difficulties, before he be partaker of it: (1 John 5:13, Isa. 59:21), 6. Col. 2:11–12, 1 Cor. Daniel 16:18, Ps. 1:1–2). 7:23) yet, through the continual supply of strength from the sanctifying Spirit of Christ, the regenerate part doth (overcome); (Rom. 8:18, Ps. 5:4–5, 13, Matt. This faith is (different in degrees,) weak or strong; (Heb. 2:13) Wherefore, they who are elected, being fallen in Adam, are redeemed by Christ, (1 Thess. 13:40–42, Jude 6, 2 Pet. 4:2, Ps. Westminster Confession of Faith Index CHAPTER 1 - Of the Holy Scripture CHAPTER 2 - Of God, and of the Holy Trinity CHAPTER 3 - Of God's Eternal Decree CHAPTER 4 - Of Creation CHAPTER 5 - Of Providence CHAPTER 6 - Of the Fall of Man, of Sin, and of the Punishment thereof The moral law doth for ever bind all, as well justified persons as others, to the obedience thereof; (Rom. 26:69–72, Ps. 3:24, Eph. There is, in every sacrament, a spiritual relation, or sacramental union, between the sign and the thing signified: whence it comes to pass, that the names and effects of the one are attributed to the other. 16:10, Acts 2:23) and that not by a bare permission, (Acts 14:16) but such as hath joined with it a most wise and powerful bounding, (Ps. Isaiah Haggai 143:2) but that He, looking upon them in His Son, is pleased to accept and reward that which is sincere, although accompanied with many weaknesses and imperfections. 5:20, Matt. 2:8), 1. 2:6, Rom. 3:8, 1 Pet. 8:33, Luke 10:20), 1. 6:1) stop the mouths of the adversaries, (1 Pet. Habakkuk Q. 3:22,24–25,27–28, Tit. They are especially associated with the churches of the Protestant Reformation. Mark (Acts 8:13, 23), 6. 4:30, 31, Ps. 26:37–38, Luke 22:44, Matt. 5:17), 6. 51 title, Ps. 30:6, Ezek. to Titus 6:11, Acts 20:32, Phil. 13:3, Isa. 104:15, Acts 18:14–15) It is the duty of civil magistrates to protect the person and good name of all their people, in such an effectual manner as that no person be suffered, either upon pretence of religion or of infidelity, to offer any indignity, violence, abuse, or injury to any other person whatsoever: and to take order, that all religious and ecclesiastical assemblies be held without molestation or disturbance. 56:2, 4, 6–7) which, from the beginning of the world to the resurrection of Christ, was the last day of the week; and, from the resurrection of Christ, was changed into the first day of the week, (Gen. 2:2–3, 1 Cor. (Gen. 34:14, Exod. 56:6–7, Heb. 1:32, Rom. 3:18, 2 Cor. 2:16, 2 Pet. Prayer, with thanksgiving, being one special part of religious worship, (Phil. 6:10. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Westminster-Confession, Treatise on the Power and Primacy of the Pope. 12:28, Gen. 18:27, James 5:16, James 1:6–7, Mark 11:24, Matt. Under the name of Holy Scripture, or the Word of God written, are now contained all the books of the Old and New Testaments, which are these, Genesis They, whom God hath accepted in His Beloved, effectually called, and sanctified by His Spirit, can neither totally nor finally fall away from the state of grace, but shall certainly persevere therein to the end, and be eternally saved. (Heb. 8:1, 12, 1 John 3:2–3, Ps. 8:4–6) living, and true God, (1 Thess. 7:2–3), 6. 77:1–10, Matt. It pleased God the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, (Heb. 8:30, Eph. (John 1:12, Acts 16:31, Gal. 18:2, Rom. 3:20, Rom. 3:12) wherein life was promised to Adam; and in him to his posterity, (Rom. 54:7–10, Ps. 3:5, Eph. 22:14) and may have some common operations of the Spirit, (Matt. Wherefore, all ignorant and ungodly persons, as they are unfit to enjoy communion with Him, so are they unworthy of the Lord’s table; and cannot, without great sin against Christ, while they remain such, partake of these holy mysteries, (1 Cor. 3:10, 12) and dead in sin, (Eph. Psalms 24:1, 1 Chron. 16:1, Acts 20:7) which, in Scripture, is called the Lord’s Day, (Rev. 23:8–10, 2 Thess. 4:9–10, Deut. 5:7, Matt. 2:11), 3. 6:16–18), 2. (Dan. 5:6–7, 13, 2 Thess. CHAPTER 23 . 2:14–15) and power to fulfill it: (Eccl. 22:29, 31, Eph. 10:12, Ps. 4:11, Acts 10:2, 4, 22, 31, 45, 47) or, that all that are baptized are undoubtedly regenerated. It belongeth to synods and councils, ministerially, to determine controversies of faith, and cases of conscience; to set down rules and directions for the better ordering of the public worship of God, and government of his Church; to receive complaints in cases of maladministration, and authoritatively to determine the same: which decrees and determinations, if consonant to the Word of God, are to be … (Isa. The first, second, and third Epistles of John 1:11, Rom. (Phil. 2:12, Heb. 5:4), 5. 13:20–21, Heb. As Christ would have us to be certainly persuaded that there shall be a day of judgment, both to deter all men from sin; and for the greater consolation of the godly in their adversity: (2 Pet. The whole counsel of God concerning all things necessary for His own glory, man’s salvation, faith and life, is either expressly set down in Scripture, or by good and necessary consequence may be deduced from Scripture: unto which nothing at any time is to be added, whether by new revelations of the Spirit or traditions of men. 15:43, Philip. (Acts 4:12, John 14:6, Eph. Not only those that do actually profess faith in and obedience unto Christ, (Mark 16:15–16, Acts 8:37–38) but also the infants of one, or both, believing parents, are to be baptized. 6:18) so, more solemnly in the public assemblies, which are not carelessly or willfully to be neglected, or forsaken, when God, by His Word or providence, calleth thereunto. (Gal. 10:4, Exod. 4:11–13, Matt. 10:16–17,21, 1 Cor. I don't think so. 53:4–6, 10–12) Yet, in as much as He was given by the Father for them; (Rom. 11:21, 23) yet hath He not decreed anything because He foresaw it as future, or as that which would come to pass upon such conditions. Although true believers be not under the law, as a covenant of works, to be thereby justified, or condemned; (Rom. All those whom God hath predestinated unto life, and those only, He is pleased, in His appointed and accepted time, effectually to call, (Rom. 15:9–12) and of their children: (1 Cor. 3:12) receive the spirit of adoption, (Rom. (Isa. 9:22–23, Eph. 3:24, Eph. 2:2–3, Matt. 26:27–28, Tit. 24:36, 42–44, Mark 13:35–37, Luke 12:35–36, Rev. For the better attaining of these ends, the officers of the church are to proceed by admonition, suspension from the sacrament of the Lord’s Supper for a season; and by excommunication from the Church, according to the nature of the crime, and demerit of the person. 36:31–32, Ezek. 5:12, Acts 20:17–18, Heb. (Tit. It states that the sole doctrinal authority is Scripture, and it agrees with and restates the doctrines of the Trinity and of Christ from the creeds of the early church.